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Chief Risk Officer (CRO)

What does CRO stand for?

The abbreviation CRO stands for Chief Risk Officer. 


What is a Chief Risk Officer (CRO)?

A chief risk officer, sometimes referred to as a Chief Risk Management Officer, is a corporate executive who identifies, examines, and minimizes any form of risk to the company – whether those risks be external, internal, technical, regulatory, or competitive. Chief risk officers are responsible for maintaining company compliance and protecting business units and company investments. In short, a chief risk officer is a corporate executive who manages any and all risks posed to the company. 

With so many years of experience in areas such as economics, law, and accounting, Chief risk officers are considered experts in their field. In fact, most chief risk officers have bachelor’s degrees in economics, business, or accounting. It is often the case that employers seek chief risk officers with a  master’s degree in business or public administration and years of experience in risk management. 

Chief risk officers are important in many different industries such as healthcare, technology, and finance. In addition to having years of experience in the economics, law, and accounting areas, chief risk officers need certain skills to be well-equipped for their job. Such skills include:


    • Analytical skills

    • Quantification skills

    • Communication skills

    • Technological skills 

    • Leadership skills


What does a Chief Risk Officer (CRO) do?

Chief risk officers perform a number of duties, such as:

    • Maintain the security of private information

    • Protecting the company’s intellectual property

    • Creating internal controls

    • Managing internal audits

    • Defend the company against fraud

    • Watching procedures for potential risks

    • Ensuring compliance at local, state, and federal levels

Chief risk officers also have many responsibilities depending on the type of organization they are working for. Such responsibilities can include:

    • Constructing budgets for projects relating to company risk

    • Recognizing risks to an organization

    • Creating risk maps 

    • Designing plans that manage and reduce risks

    • Tracking the progress of risk-management plans

    • Measuring and determining the amount of risk that the organization can handle

    • Aligning risk management priorities with the organization’s plan

    • Reviewing potential risks that could result from technical or human error

    • Recording risk analysis reports 

    • Providing risk analysis reports for board members, employees, and corporate executives

    • Reviewing audits and compliance reports

There are always a number of risks posed to any given company. That is why chief risk officers are so important. Without chief risk officers, many companies would be susceptible to great amounts of risk, and they would suffer as a result. 

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